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Latest Findings on the Use of Technology and Health Effects

A mHealth Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise Intervention: Findings From Content Development Studies
Pfaeffli L, Maddison R, Whittaker R, Stewart R, Kerr A, Jiang Y, Kira G, Carter K, Dalleck L.
Source: BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2012 May 30;12(1):36. [Epub ahead of print]

The content development process for a mHealth (mobile phone and Internet-based) cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise intervention is presented. A large number of participants in this study, even older members who are unfamiliar with technology, found mHealth to be beneficial to CR services. With the flexibility it offers, mHealth can be customized to meet every patient's requirements.

Patterns of Success: Online Self-Monitoring in a Web-Based Behavioral Weight Control Program
Krukowski RA, Harvey-Berino J, Bursac Z, Ashikaga T, West DS.
Source: Health Psychol. 2012 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Using an online weight control program, this study tests the patterns of self-monitoring and its association with weight loss success. Results suggest individuals with consistent self-monitoring early in a behavioral weight control program on weekdays and weekends will achieve clinically significant weight loss between 1 and 6 months.

Using mHealth Technology to Enhance Self-Monitoring for Weight Loss: A Randomized Trial
Burke LE, Styn MA, Sereika SM, Conroy MB, Ye L, Glanz K, Sevick MA, Ewing LJ.
Source: Am J Prev Med. 2012 Jul;43(1):20-6.

A randomized control trial determined if self-monitoring diet using a personal digital assistant (PDA) or a PDA with daily tailored feedback would be more effective than paper diaries on weight loss and maintenance. The PDA-use resulted in greater adherence to dietary self-monitoring over time, especially PDAs with daily feedback, which showed improved weight loss verses those without daily feedback.

Multiple Behavior Changes in Diet and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial Using Mobile Technology
Spring B, Schneider K, McFadden HG, Vaughn J, Kozak AT, Smith M, Moller AC, Epstein LH, Demott A, Hedeker D, Siddique J, Lloyd-Jones DM. Source: Arch Intern Med. 2012 May 28;172(10):789-96.

A randomized control trial tested the effects of mobile technology on a combination of diet and activity advice to maximize healthy change. Results showed a promising improvement in targeting both diet and activity on adoption and maintenance of multiple healthy behaviors when mobile technology and financial incentives were used.

Short Message Service Reduces Dropout in Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial
de Niet J, Timman R, Bauer S, van den Akker E, de Klerk C, Kordy H, Passchier J. Source: Health Psychol. 2012 Apr 2. [Epub ahead of print]

A randomized control trial tested the effects of short message service maintenance treatment (SMSMT) to improve treatment results and reduce the dropout rates in a pediatric lifestyle intervention. Results show that SMSMT receivers had significantly decreased dropout rates when compared to the control group after one year.

Computerized Self-monitoring and Technology-assisted Feedback for Weight Loss With and Without an Enhanced Behavioral Component Chambliss HO, Huber RC, Finley CE, McDoniel SO, Kitzman-Ulrich H, Wilkinson WJ. Source: Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Dec;85(3):375-82. Epub 2011 Feb 3.

This study used computerized self-monitoring and technology-assisted feedback, with and without an enhanced behavioral component, for a 12-week management intervention to test the health outcomes of dietary and physical activity practices. Even without the enhanced behavioral component, the program found significant weight loss after 12 weeks.

A National Interactive Web-based Physical Activity Intervention in Women, Evaluation of the American Heart Association Choose to Move Program 2006-2007
Lieber SB, Redberg RF, Blumenthal RS, Gandhi A, Robb KJ, Mora S. Source: Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jun 15;109(12):1754-60. Epub 2012 Apr 9.

Examination of using a 12-week web-based intervention to improve physical activity and quality of life in women. Outcomes showed promising web-based efforts of large-scale exercise initiatives, such as AHA's Go Red for Women BetterU Program and Choose to Move, which can improve physical activity, BMI, and quality of life of women.