Wednesday, March 20, 2013
New Science Presented:
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Subclinical Atherosclerosis:
Analyses from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Lisa VanWagner, MD, Northwestern Unviersity, Chicago, IL
Superior for Increasing Daily PA in Cardiac Rehabiliation Patients
Prof. Leonard Kaminisky, Ball State University, Muncie IN
- Less than 1% of Americans have ideal CV health as defined by the American Heart Association.
- Prevalence of ideal levels of CV health factors is much higher in children than in adults. The major exceptions are diet and physical activity for which the prevalence of ideal levels in children is similar (physical activity) or worse (diet).
- Among children, the prevalence of ideal levels of CV health factors varies from 0 percent for healthy diet to >80 percent for the smoking, blood pressure and fasting glucose metrics. More than 90 percent of U.S. children meet none or only one of the five healthy dietary components.
- Among adults, the prevalence of ideal levels of CV health factors varies from 0.3 percent for having at least four of the five components of the healthy diet pattern to up to 76% for never having smoked or being a former smoker who has quit for >12 months.
- As of 2010, the CVD death rate decreased 9% compared to 2007 (baseline); stroke decreased 10% over the same period.