AHA/ACC/CDC Science Advisory: An Effective Approach to High Blood Pressure Control
This AHA/ACC/CDC science advisory is intended to complement and support clinical guidelines, providing clinicians and health systems tools to improve treatment and control of hypertension. It serves as a call to action for broad-based efforts to improve hypertension awareness, treatment, and the proportion of patients treated and controlled.
Cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease, hypertension and heart failure, along with stroke, continue to be leading causes of death in the United States. Hypertension currently affects nearly 78 million adults in the United States and is also a major modifiable risk factor for other cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Currently, hypertension affects 46% of patients with known cardiovascular disease, 72% of those who have suffered a stroke, and was listed as a primary or contributing cause in approximately 15% of the 2.4 million deaths in 2009.
This advisory includes a template outlining a general approach for an effective treatment algorithm, Controlling Hypertension in Adults, that is intended to be a critical part of a multipronged, systematic approach to controlling hypertension, as it facilitates clinical decision-making, provides a default approach with proven benefits, and engages multiple providers in a coordinated manner.