How can independence be assessed in the context of scientific research?
There is probably no single measure of independence, but there is a set of indicators that, if most characterize an investigator, suggest that that investigator is independent. These include:
- Laboratory space specifically dedicated to the investigator.
- Independent publications by the investigator.
- A faculty/staff appointment at the instructor or assistant professor level may or may not be considered an indicator of independence.
- Extramural funding obtained by the investigator, particularly via national competition.