|Low-Risk Lifestyle Behaviors and All-Cause Mortality: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III Mortality Study|
Ford ES, Zhao G, Tsai J, Li C. Am J Public Health. 2011 Oct;101(10):1922-9.
- In this study low and high levels of risk for four lifestyle behaviors, smoking, healthy diet, physical activity, and alcohol use, are compared to all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.
- Those with all four low-risk behaviors had a 63% reduced risk of all-cause death and a 65% reduced risk of death from cardiovascular diseases.
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|The Decline in Stroke Mortality: Exploration of Future Trends in 7 Western European Countries|
Kunst AE, Amiri M, Janssen F. Stroke. 2011 Aug;42(8):2126-30.
- Projections of future trends in stroke mortality are made to 2030.
- Findings show that stroke will remain a leading cause of death in older populations.
- Prevention of disability rather than death may become a higher priority in years to come.
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|Ethnic and Geographic Variation in Stroke Mortality Trends|
Gillum RF, Kwagyan J, Obisesan TO. Stroke. 2011 Nov;42(11):3294-6.
- An examination of ethnic and geographic variation in US stroke deaths in the 21st century.
- From 1999 to 2007, rates of stroke death declined, but variations in decline were seen based on race and geographic location.
- Rates of decline were similar across regions for females and white males; however, black males in the South Central states did not experience the same rate of decline as black males in other parts of the country.
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|Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Mortality from All Causes and Diseases of the Circulatory System Among Adults in the United States|
Ford ES, Greenlund KJ, Hong Y. Circulation. 2012 Feb 28;125(8):987-95.
- A study of how well the AHA’s Life's Simple 7 metrics for ideal cardiovascular health predict all-cause and heart-related death.
- Results showed a significant, inverse relationship between the number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics and death from all causes and circulatory diseases.
|Trends in Cardiovascular Health Metrics and Associations with All-Cause and CVD Mortality Among US Adults|
Yang Q, Cogswell ME, Flanders WD, Hong Y, Zhang Z, Loustalot F, Gillespie C, Merritt R, Hu FB.
JAMA. 2012 Mar 28;307(12):1273-83.
- This study examined trends in cardiovascular health over three time periods from 1988 to 2010 and the resulting relationship with mortality.
- Over time, prevalence of smoking has declined; rates of high total cholesterol and high blood pressure have remained unchanged; and prevalence of having a healthy diet, normal BMI, and normal fasting glucose levels has declined.
- Findings show that those with greater numbers of ideal level metrics had greater protection from all-cause and cardiovascular-related death.
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- Defining and Setting National Goals for Cardiovascular Health Promotion and Disease Reduction: The American Heart Association's Strategic Impact Goal Through 2020 and Beyond
Circulation. 2010; 121: 586-613 Published online before print January 20, 2010, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192703
- Forecasting the Future of Cardiovascular Disease in the United States
Circulation. 2011; 123: 933-944.Published online before print January 24, 2011, doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31820a55f5
- The AHA and the Million Hearts Initiative
Circulation. 2011, published online before print Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2011, 10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182327084
- What the Million Hearts Initiative Means for Stroke
Stroke. 2012: published online before print Feb. 1, 2012, 10.1161/STR.0b013e318248f00e.