|Lifetime Risks of Cardiovascular Disease|
Berry JD, Dyer A, Cai X, Garside DB, Ning H, Thomas A, Greenland P, Van Horn L, Tracy RP, Lloyd-Jones DM. N Engl J Med. 2012 Jan 26;366(4):321-9.
- A report of cardiovascular disease lifetime risk across the lifespan in black and white adults
- Optimal risk-factor profile at age 50 was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease death through age 80 as compared with those who had two or more major risk factors.
- Lower lifetime risks for coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, and stroke were also observed. Similar trends were observed for blacks and whites.
| || |
|Reduction of Risk for Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents|
Daniels SR, Pratt CA, Hayman LL. Circulation. 2011 Oct 11;124(15):1673-86.
- In this report current evidence and recommendations are summarized regarding the epidemiology of risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in childhood.
- The recommended clinical approaches to prevention of risk factors, cut points for identifying risk factors, and approaches for improving high-risk status once it has developed are outlined.
| || |
|Healthy Lifestyle Through Young Adulthood and the Presence of Low Cardiovascular Disease Risk Profile in Middle Age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in (Young) Adults (CARDIA) Study|
Liu K, Daviglus ML, Loria CM, Colangelo LA, Spring B, Moller AC, Lloyd-Jones DM. Circulation 2012 Feb 28;125(8):996-1004.
- An examination of 18 to 30 year olds from the CARDIA study to determine if maintaining a healthy lifestyle throughout young adulthood is associated with low cardiovascular disease risk profile later in life.
- Healthy lifestyle included having average body mass index (<25 kg/m2), no or moderate alcohol intake, higher healthy diet score, higher physical activity score, and never smoking.
- A higher number of these healthy habits as a young adult created a graded association with lower cardiovascular disease risk in middle age.
| || |
|The Relationship between Knowledge and Risk for Heart Attack and Stroke|
Lambert C, Vinson S, Shofer F, Brice J. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2012 Mar 10.
- A study comparing knowledge and risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in the adult population.
- Results found that knowledge scores decreased as cardiovascular risk increased.
- Overall, knowledge of stroke and myocardial infarction risk factors, signs, and symptoms were low; however, knowledge of myocardial infarction was greater than for that of stroke at all levels of risk.
|Behavioral Strategies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Diverse and Underserved Racial/Ethnic Groups|
Stuart-Shor EM, Berra KA, Kamau MW, Kumanyika SK. Circulation 2012;125:171-184.
- An overview is given of disparities and cultural issues in cardiovascular health, lifestyle related risks, and health care.
- Evidence-based strategies to utilize established risk reduction interventions in diverse and underserved racial/ethnic groups are examined.
- Practical approaches are offered to achieve primary and secondary prevention in these populations.
| || |
- Guidelines for the Primary Prevention of Stroke
Stroke 2011, 42:517-584: originally published online December 2, 2010, doi: 10.1161/STR.0b013e3181fcb238
- AHA/ACCF Secondary Prevention and Risk Reduction Therapy for Patients With Coronary and Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease: 2011 Update
Circulation 2011, 124:2458-2473: originally published online November 3, 2011, doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e318235eb4
- Effectiveness-Based Guidelines for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women—2011 Update
Circulation. 2011; 123: 1243-1262 Published online before print February 14, 2011, doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31820faaf8
- Nontraditional Risk Factors and Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Disease: Mechanistic, Research, and Clinical Considerations for Youth
Circulation 2011, 123:2749-2769: originally published online May 9, 2011, doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e31821c7c64
- Value of Primordial and Primary Prevention for Cardiovascular Disease
Circulation. 2011, published online before print July 25, 2011, DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182285a81
- Defining and Setting National Goals for Cardiovascular Health Promotion and Disease Reduction: The American Heart Association's Strategic Impact Goal Through 2020 and Beyond
Circulation. 2010; 121: 586-613 Published online before print January 20, 2010, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192703